Patient Education

Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire Web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.  For additional medical information, click on link at bottom to American Academy of Otolaryngology.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.

American Academy of Otolaryngology

Search Results
Throat
Aging and Swallowing Aspiration Cricopharyngeal Muscle Dysfunction Dysphagia GERD and LPR Hoarseness Salivary Gland Disorders Sore Throats Spasmodic Dysphonia Tonsillitis Tonsils and Adenoids Vocal Cord Paralysis Voice Box (Laryngeal) Cancer Zenker’s Diverticulum

Rhinitis
... Depending on the type of rhinitis, certain conditions may be associated, such as: Asthma Acute sinusitis Inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis) Atopic dermatitis or eczema Poor ventilation of the ears (or eustachian tube dysfunction) Laryngitis (inflammation causing hoarseness of voice) Eosinophilic esophagitis Sleep disturbance What Are the Treatment Options...

GERD and LPR
...And sometimes, adult patients may experience symptoms related to either GERD or LPR like: Heartburn Belching Regurgitation (a surge or rush back) of stomach contents Frequent throat clearing or coughing Excess mucus A bitter taste A sensation of burning or throat soreness Something “stuck” or a “lump” in the back of the throat Hoarseness or change in voice Difficulty swallowing Drainage down the back of the nose (post-nasal drip) Choking episodes (can sometimes awaken from sleep) Difficulty breathing, if the voice box is affected Signs in infants and children are different from adults and may include: Breathing problems such as a cough, hoarseness, noisy breathing, or asthma Pauses in breathing (apnea) or snoring when sleeping Feeding difficulty (spitting up) Turning blue (cyanosis) Choking Apparent life-threatening event where there is arching of the back while in distress Trouble gaining weight or growing What Causes GERD and LPR...

Hoarseness
Hoarseness (also called dysphonia) is an abnormal change in the quality of your voice, making it sound raspy, strained, breathy, weak, higher or lower in pitch, inconsistent, fatigued, or shaky, often making it harder to talk...

Sore Throats
...The following signs and symptoms should alert you to see your physician: Severe and prolonged sore throat Difficulty breathing Difficulty swallowing Difficulty opening the mouth Swelling of the face or neck Joint pain Earache  Rash Fever (over 101°F) Blood in saliva or phlegm Frequently recurring sore throat Lump in neck Hoarseness lasting over two weeks What Causes a Sore Throat...

Spasmodic Dysphonia
...SD is diagnosed by listening to the specific voice changes during these speech tasks and distinguishing it from other types of hoarseness, in addition to examining the larynx...

Vocal Cord Paralysis
... Symptoms of paralysis and paresis of the vocal cords can include: Voice changes—Hoarseness, breathy voice, weak voice, gurgling quality to the voice, shortness of breath after speaking Airway problems—Shortness of breath with efforts, noisy breathing, unsuccessful cough Swallowing problems—Choking or coughing when swallowing food, drink, or saliva, and food sticking in throat These symptoms can be mild to severe depending on the degree of paralysis, and the ability of your voice box to adapt...

Voice Box (Laryngeal) Cancer
... Signs and symptoms of laryngeal cancer include: Worsening or persistent hoarseness Difficulty swallowing Persistent sore throat or pain with swallowing Difficulty breathing Pain in the ear Lump in the neck Coughing up blood Anyone with these signs or symptoms should be evaluated by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Zenker’s Diverticulum
... If you have a ZD, you may experience: Difficulty swallowing Regurgitating or vomiting undigested food hours after eating Inhaling food or saliva down your windpipe (called aspiration) Belching Noisy swallowing  Bad breath Choking Coughing Hoarseness Feeling like something is stuck in the back of your throat Weight loss Recurrent lung infections in severe cases What Causes ZD...

Pediatric Thyroid Cancer
...Your child may experience: A lump in the neck Persistent swollen lymph nodes A tight or full feeling in the neck Trouble with breathing or swallowing Hoarseness If any of these symptoms occur, consult your child's physician for an evaluation...

Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
... Complications include failure to gain weight, bleeding, breathing problems, hoarseness, and/or inflammation of the esophagus, known as esophagitis...